damaging impact "when people root their lives in entitlement and self-preservation rather than empathy and compassion." Anderson's observation of these attitudes combined with
her natural sense of empathy helped shape her world view at a young age. The integration of her nature, her awareness of the suffering and oppression in the world, and her leadership skills contributed, in her words, to a "storm of passion for human life and spreading love, empathy, and ideals such as freedom and justice. It is fundamentally impossible for me to ignore my global-social responsibilities in order to be a part of ending modern slavery, helping engage others, and collabo- ratively imagining and creating a sustainable, more compas- sionate, and peaceful future for our world." Drawing on her background in conflict resolution, including community work in restorative justice, and as a marriage and family therapist, Anderson works with both victims and per- petrators of abuse directly while also engaging politically to improve and educate caregivers, administrators, politicians, and others to better understand the complex nature of the social systems that overlook and sometimes support the mechanisms of the modern slave trade. If you want to know how you can help in this lopsided, complicated battle for human rights, read the sidebar story about "Maria," one of Anderson's clients.
KATHLEEN BARRY Author, sociologist, and academic researcher Kathleen Barry, Professor Emerita at Penn State, is a legendary pioneer who cofounded the United Nations Non-Governmental Organiz - ation, The Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW). Her landmark book, Female Sexual Slavery, is credited for inspiring an international movement to expose and end the worldwide exploitation of women and children in the sex trade. Barry is no stranger to controversy. The daughter of blue-
collar parents who did not want her to go to college (their expectations were that she should find a good husband and settle down), she put herself through college and became a schoolteacher. During that time, in the early '60s, the civil rights movement came to her hometown of Syracuse and, repelled by the virulence of white attitudes towards the blacks in town, Barry joined the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). Her experience in the field and her interest in becoming better able to be of service led her back to college to earn a degree as a sociologist. By the mid-1960s she was deep into the feminist movement when she discovered a connection between rape, porn, and human trafficking in prostitution that was, as far as she could tell, completely unacknowledged by any government or law agencies. Even the London head of Amnesty International at that time
believed that maybe there had been an illegal sex trade in the 1800s but stories of women and children kidnapped or coerced into prostitution was most likely a myth; certainly not a contemporary problem. Barry's research on what was going to be an article about rape and power surfaced too much information for one document; she used the information to write her first book, Female Sexual Slavery, and to cofound CATW. While there is still a long way to go (estimates range as high as over 100,000 women and children transported illegally annually, with annual revenues estimated as high as $30 billion) as a result of her work and the work of CATW, govern - ments are adopting newer and tougher laws, and some law agencies are reversing the trend of charging the victims as criminals while their clients go free. Kathleen Barry's most recent book is UNMAKING WAR,
REMAKING MEN: How Empathy Can Reshape Our Politics, Our Soldiers and Ourselves. Visit her web site for more information.
If you're interested in helping to end sexual slavery; the first step is to learn about the organizations currently addressing the problem. See the following links for more information:
www.soroptimist.org/trafficking/stopping.html www.stopchildslavery.com oprah.com/oprahshow/How-to-Help-End-Sexual-Slavery www.renewamerica.com/columns/kralis/060720
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